Go to “Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics” to read more


Agnosticism, Atheism, Anti-theism, Evolution (September 2015)

Creation and Evolution (August 2012)







Apostolic Faith (June 2014)

Baptism: Its Origin (October 2014)


Biblical Christianity (September 2013)


Catholics, Orthodox and other Christians (February 2016)

Christian Anti-Semitism (January 2011)

Communion (April 2017)

Counterfeit Christians (April 2016)

Disciples must love (May 2011)

Making of Christian Anti-Semitism (May 2011)

Past Christian Behavior (October 2011)

Professing Believers (October 2011)

Significance of Christmas (December 2014)

Strategically Sharing Christ (February 2018)

What’s Wrong with the Church (February 2013)

Why having a relationship with Jesus matters (October 2019)


FAITH ISSUES                                                                                                                    

Author Comments (July 2010)

Book Review: JEWISH PEOPLE AND JESUS (January 2011)

Does Unity require Unanimity? (March 2016)

Gay Marriage (February 2012)

Genesis – Judges…Sin is the Problem (April 2018)

Created For God, Created to Work In Relationship With God (February 2019)

Establishment of the Hasmonean Dynasty…Sin is the Problem (April 2018)


Has Anyone Seen the Face of God? (January 2018)

Is America under God’s Judgment (March 2015)


Italian Catholic (January 2011)


Kings of Israel and Judah…Sin is the Problem (April 2018)

Kirkus Review: Dawn of Islamic Literalism (August 2013)


Media Campaign (February 2011)

Providing appropriate responses to the libertine sexual mentality (June 2020)

Review: Jewish People and Jesus (November 2011)


Rubber meets the Road (February 2011)

The Fallacy of Religiosity (December 2018)

Understanding Perspectives (November 2016)

Why a Dad is needed in an Ordered Universe (September 2017)




Caiaphas (February 2013)

George Washington (November 2012)

Holy Week (April 2011)

Intro to Hebrew History (January 2015)

Palm Sunday to Passover (April 2011)




Biblical Christians and All Muslims (May 2017)

Can the Ahmadiyya Muslim community speak for Islam (May 2015)

Dawn of Islamic Literalism (March 2013)

Insulting the Prophet of Islam (January 2015)

Is Islam an ideology of peace? (May 2017)

Is Islam the Ultimate truth as Muslims claim? (January 2016)

Ishmael and Isaac (August 2013)

Islam Sanction Burning? (February 2015)


Muhammad’s Islam Unveiled (January 2016)

Muslim Denial (July 2014)

Pope Francis and Islam (June 2014)

Ramadan: Is this something Jews and Christians should observe? (June 2016)

Taqqiyah Kitman & Murunah (October 2018)



Broken Covenant (January 2014)

Holy By Promise living on Promise (April 2015)

Jewish Views on Jesus circa 30 A.D. (October 2013)

Habakkuk (August 2017)

Is This Any Way to Celebrate New Year? (October 2019)

Khabad Lubavitch (December 2015)

Khanakah – The Feast of [Re] dedication (December 2015)

Khanukah – The Feast of (Re-)Dedication (December 2019)

Passover and the Church (May 2020)

Rabbinic Judaism (November 2015)

Rabbinical Opposition (August 2011)

Rabbis: December 25 (December 2011)

Responding to AISH.com (April 2014)

Rosh Hashanah & Yom Kippur (October 2019)

Shavuot/Pentecost: The First Thanksgiving (May 2020)

Significance of the Sabbath (December 2019)

Sukkos: Feast of Tabernacles ( October 2019)

Tallit (May 2012)



Ben Joseph & Ben David: Jewish Messiah (March 2011)

Hanukkah: The Messiah (December 2012)

Israel: Does the Hebrew Bible indicate the Anointed One of the House of Israel, is divine? (October 2016)

Israel: According to the Jewish Bible did the Lord ever become a man? (September 2016)

Messiah: Melchizedek (November 2012)


Why Some Jews Become Messianic Jews (January 2017)

Yeshua and the Rabbis (August 2011)

Yeshua’s claim of divinity are either true or false (May 2016)


OTHER RELIGIONS                                                                                                                     

Black Hebrew Israelites: Are their claims true? (June 2018)

Buddhism (October 2015)

Cults/New Age Movement (September 2015)

Freemasonry (March 2016)

Hinduism (October 2015)

Jehovah Witnesses (March 2016)

LDS/Mormons (February 2016)

Major Faiths (July 2012)

Satanism (September 2015)

Unification Church  (April 2016)



Greatest Gift God can give us (June 2015)

Passover : The Meaning (April 2011)

Reconciliation (February 2011)

Salvation: Jews (May 2013)



Abel (September 2012)

Abraham (July 2013)

Adam (December 2011)

Faith of Our Fathers 1] It began with Abram (January 2015)

Faith of Our Fathers 2]  Abram’s Pilgrimage-Beginning the Faith Walk (February 2015)

Faith of Our Fathers 3] Abram to  Abraham – Holy by Promise (April  2015)

Faith of Our Fathers 4] Abraham & Isaac – Justified by Faith (June 2015)

Faith of our Fathers 5]- Isaac Strong, Sad Finish (July 2015)

Faith of our Fathers 6]- Jacob Becomes Israel – Rivalry & Deception to Blessing (September 2015)

Faith of our Fathers 7] Joseph – Prisoner to Prime Minister (November 2015)

How many times did Moses climb Mt. Sinai? (August 2017)

Life of Joseph (December 2013)


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Providing appropriate responses to the libertine sexual mentality


Joe Butta

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

The libertine sexual mentality believes that individuals are free to engage in any type of sexual encounter as long as all parties are consenting to it. This includes all forms of heterosexual sex between unmarried couples,  between an unmarried and married person, between married folks who are not married to one another and between multiple partners at one time both married to others or unmarried.  This also includes homosexual sex between unmarried folks and those who are legally married according to state law. This does not mean that all libertines believe anything goes.  For example many are fine with heterosexual sex between consenting adults but draw the line at homosexual sex. For those who believe this, because it is self satisfying , it is truly liberating,  In these days with birth control and legalized abortion many think sex without consequences is reality.

Recently the news has been filled with accusations from those with a libertine sexual mentality that certain Christian or Christian affiliated organizations are hateful.  Recently many Catholic and otherwise Christian organizations, including those who help the needy, have been ostracized for believing in the tradition definition of marriage as describe in the Bible.  These are all symptoms of a much greater problem. That problem is SIN.  Sin is willful disobedience or rebellion against the law. It resides in the heart of humankind and convinces those who are non-repentant that human reason and that which is self-serving is the true path.  With SIN present laws can be changed and that which was previously considered unacceptable becomes not only acceptable but good.  Those who keep the traditional understanding can then be marginalized and attacked verbally and at times physically.

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Shavuot/Pentecost: The First Thanksgiving


Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

In the latter half of November, the fourth Thursday of the month, most Americans celebrate Thanksgiving.  It is a federal holiday.

Some people say it reminds us of when the Pilgrims, the first settlers in Massachusetts, had a feast to thank the “Indians” — the native Americans — for helping them bring in a substantial harvest so they could survive the coming winter.  The previous winter had nearly wiped them all out due to starvation and disease.

But those who know their history better know that those Pilgrims were Puritans, very devout, God-fearing Christians, and that the first feast was to give thanks to God, and to share the Gospel with the native Americans.

The Puritans knew their Bible, for owning and studying it in English and treating it as the foundation of their faith was a major reason why they had fled England, and it was at the core of their long Lord’s Day or Sunday worship services.  They knew that God repeatedly stated, through Moses His prophet, His requirement for a festival of thanksgiving to Him for the harvest, a festival at which the first fruits of the harvest would be offered up to Him.

(Ex. 23:14, 16a NIV)  “Three times a year you are to celebrate a festival to me… Celebrate the Feast of Harvest with the firstfruits of the crops you sow in your field…. “

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Passover and the Church


Steven Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

What’s Passover, and Why Matzoh?

Ex 6:2-8 — 2 God also said to Moses, “I am the LORD. I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, but by my name the LORD I did not make myself known to them.  I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, where they lived as aliens. Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, and I have remembered my covenant.

6 “Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment. I will take you as my own people, and I will be your God. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. And I will bring you to the land I swore with uplifted hand to give to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob. I will give it to you as a possession. I am the LORD.’”  (NIV)

God brought Israel out of Egypt, as recounted in the Book of Exodus, the 2nd book of the Old Testament, which was written by Moses under God’s inspiration.  God sent Moses, His prophet, and Aaron, Moses’ brother, to confront Pharaoh and demand that the Jews be released to worship Him.  Pharaoh refused, despite Moses’ demonstrating miraculous signs.  God then directed Moses to call down ten plagues upon Egypt, the last of which was the Angel of Death collecting the first born of every living thing in Egypt.  Only those — Jews and any others in Egypt who were willing to follow God’s decrees — who followed a special procedure to make a “covering” — a kipporoth — over their homes would be spared.

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By Joseph Butta and Steven Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

In 1962, a Syrian-born Hollywood filmmaker named Moustapha Akkad embarked on an ambitious quest to create a truly Arab screen epic. He was determined to create a film about the life of the Prophet Muhammad and the birth of Islam in the 7th century.

Actor Anthony Quinn played Hamza, the Prophet Muhammad’s uncle, in The Message. The character of the prophet is never seen, only suggested.

With money raised from Middle Eastern sources, he began filming in late 1974.

There was a major challenge, though: Images of the Prophet Muhammad are forbidden in Islam. So the main character is never shown. The vision Akkad presents in the film is of Islam as a great world religion in harmony with other spiritual traditions. “God has spoken to us before through Abraham, Noah, Moses, “And through Jesus Christ!”

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Significance of the Sabbath


Steve Daskal & Joe Butta

 Ex 20:8-11

8 “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 “Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 “For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

God commanded that the Hebrew people keep the Sabbath, the seventh day of each week, as a day of holy rest and prayer.  This may seem matter-of-fact today, but the Hebrews may have been the first people to establish a regular Sabbath.  This is different than work cycles that were common in the ancient world.  This was not meant to be a day to leave your crops or your artisan’s shop and go into the market to buy and sell.  This was a day of prayer, rest, and time with family.

We tend to take Sabbath for granted, perhaps because there are 52 of them in most years, and thus we get a bit jaded, or forgetful, or perhaps even we think we’re too busy to remember the Sabbath.  But it is the ONLY one of God’s holy days the observance of which — remembering it and keeping it holy — makes the Ten Commandments.  As for Jewish people today about 80% are largely secularized if not totally non-observant of the Law of Moses. This is also true for most Christians.

How did God direct the Sabbath to be kept?  His direction began to be established while the Hebrews were in the desert, just after having crossed the Red Sea, and even before they reached Mount Sinai where Moses was to be given the Law.  In the first part of Exodus 16, we read that the LORD, that is Yahveh, I AM, gave the Israelites manna to gather daily and eat daily, except on the sixth day when he allotted a double portion.  Normally, manna would turn bad if kept more than a day, but “sixth day” manna would last for two days.  This was to enable the Sabbath to be kept.  Note that this was God’s provision — one had to trust Him literally day by day for one’s very food in the desolate wilderness of Sinai.  The manna was miraculously able to also provide against thirst despite the dryness of the environment.  It also tasted like wafers with honey… not bad stuff to live on!  Aaron retained some manna by God’s order, and this became the “showbread” associated with the Tabernacle and the (First) Temple.  But we digress…  the key here is that God commanded that the Israelites not even gather food on the Sabbath, but gather enough the day before to last two days.  To this day, Orthodox Jews do not shop on the Sabbath (which begins Friday at sunset and ends Saturday at dusk), nor do they cook — they eat and drink only that which was prepared prior to the Sabbath.

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Khanukah – The Feast of (Re-)Dedication


Steve Daskal & Joe Butta

Christian Messianic Analysis & Apologetics

Maybe you’ve heard of Khanukah.  Khanukah is commonly known as “the festival of lights,” but what it REALLY means is “The Dedication.” Khanukah is a holiday Jewish people celebrate every year. Here is a little more about this fun holiday.

Jewish people all around the world have celebrated Khanukah for over 2100 years. Unlike Yom Kippur, the “Shlosh Regalim,” or Purim, Khanukah is not a holiday Jews are commanded to celebrate in the Old Testament. In fact Khanukah itself isn’t even mentioned in the Old Testament, though the events leading up to it were prophesied by Daniel (11:19-45). The holiday was only mentioned once in the New Testament (John 10:22).  Khanukah celebrates a miraculous event that happened over 200 years after the last book of the Old Testament was written and about 160 years before Jesus was born.  In a very real sense, if Khanukah had never happened, Christmas would have been impossible. But most Jewish people don’t realize that Jesus is the Messiah, the Prince of the House of David, of the Root of Jesse, promised to them by God throughout the Old Testament.

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Why Having a Relationship with Jesus Matters


Joe Butta and Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis & Apologetics

Since childhood I was raised in a traditional faith.  I received instruction from parents, priests and nuns.  Being young there was no way to understand faith, God and truth other than how I was raised and taught. This usually required preparing for and then performing certain religious rituals like going to confession, attending Mass and taking communion, in order to avoid a mortal sin. Guilt and doubt always hung in the back of my mind. I feared I was never quite good enough — I could never be like the priests, nuns and saints. This meant spending significant time in purgatory was a real possibility. Although I cussed, slept with women when I was not married, watched dirty movies from time to time, got into occasional fights and got drunk, I never thought I was hell- bound, because I participated in my religion.

After one failed marriage I remarried outside of my denomination.  My parish priest could not even attend the ceremony because he told me he could get into trouble. Although my denomination did not consider this a marriage I certainly felt married to the woman I married! Thanks to my secular education, I thought that most everyone would get to heaven because although no one is perfect most of us are not that bad. My wife and I continued to attend church, continued to consider ourselves “good Christians,” but felt something was missing.  We were too busy to give much thought to what was missing.

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SUKKOS (The Feast of Tabernacles) — Chastisement, Purification, and a New Start


Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis & Apologetics

Leviticus 23: 33-43

33  The LORD said to Moses,

34  “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month [15 Tishrei in the Hebrew lunar calendar] the Lord’s Feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work. For seven days present offerings made to the LORD by fire, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. It is the closing assembly; do no regular work.                                                                                                              37  (“‘These are the Lord’s appointed feasts, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing offerings made to the LORD by fire — the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day. These offerings are in addition to those for the Lord’s Sabbaths and in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings you give to the LORD.)                                                                                                                                                    39  “‘So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the LORD for seven days; the first day is a day of rest, and the eighth day also is a day of rest.                                                                                                                                  40  On the first day you are to take choice fruit from the trees, and palm fronds, leafy branches and poplars, and rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days.                                                          41  Celebrate this as a festival to the LORD for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month. Live in booths for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in booths so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.'”

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Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur: Is This Any Way to Celebrate New Year?

By Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

How do you celebrate the New Year?  Do you celebrate it on January 1st, Euro-American style?  Do you celebrate Lunar New Year when it falls around February, or do you celebrate both?

Jewish people generally recognize New Years twice.  This might get confusing.  First of all, most Jewish people in the West celebrate New Years on January 1st like Gentiles, even though on the Hebrew calendar, that’s just another day.  Then, most Jews recognize Rosh Hashanah, literally “Head of the Year,” as being the first day of the month of Tishrei, which usually falls in September or October of the modern Western or Gregorian calendar.  It is the 7th month of the year, like the Gregorian September.  The date wanders around because the Jews still use a lunar calendar as they did in Moses’ time (like many East Asian cultures and like the Muslims).  The 1st month of the Hebrew year is Nisan, the month dominated by Pesakh/Passover, the 1st month of the growing year in the Holy Land and the 1st month of the Biblical religious calendar.  You might say that is a third “new year!”

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