From the time of Yeshua until professing Christians gained authority in the Roman empire, those who came to the Messiah had to convert to faith in Yeshua. If their conversion to this new faith was sincere they became disciples and strive to understand what the Bible teaches. Others became cultural Christians and never really converted. These kept ancient hatreds alive and since the Jews would not conform in Gentile Society the Jews became the target as non-conformists.
398-404 John Chrysostom, Patriarch of Constantinople
Regarding Christians worshiping in Synagogues in Antioch…
“Does not God hate their festivals and do you share in them. Is not their place (Synagogue) also an abomination? Before they committed the crime of crimes, before they killed their Master before the cross before the slaying of Christ it was an abomination…
“They became dogs and we became children…Some say they are as a stubborn heifer and still others an untamed calf. This is what happened to the Jews while they were making themselves unfit for work, they grew fit for slaughter.
“Pope Alexander II (1061-1073) told his subordinates, the bishops, to protect the Jews from rioting “professing Christians”.
Pope Gregory VII (1073-1085) forbade Jews to hold positions of authority over Christians.
Pontificate of Callistus II (1119-1124) he not only forbade the attacks on Jewish communities but also forced conversions and any act that defaced a synagogue. Although his predecessors appeared to be silent, he was very aware of the slaughter of Jewish communities along the Rhine and in Jerusalem during the First Crusade.
Pope Innocent IV (1198-1216) the disregard of Jewish rights seemed to continue as the Pope spoke out forcefully in favor of Jewish property rights and told Catholics to protect the Jews from the violence of their neighbors.
Pope Honorius III (1216-1227) applied a practice to Jews that Muslims had forced on Jews since the Death of Muhammad in 632. He decreed that Jews wear distinctive clothing. It now appeared that after the Western Christian world had much interaction with the Muslim world they began to adopt some of their practices.
Pope Gregory IX (1227-1241) led a campaign to burn Jewish books.
Pope Innocent IV (1243-1254) rejected the blood libel that had been interpreted to apply to all Jews from the Gospel of Matthew.
Pope Gregory X (1271-1276) forcefully rejected the Blood libel and made a decree to protect the testimony of Jews in the courts.
Pope Nicholas III (1277-1280) ordered that Jews who return to Judaism be turned over to the secular powers for execution.
Pope Honorius IV (1285-1287) ordered the expulsion of Jews from England.
Pope John XXII (1316-1334) ordered certain Jewish books burned and the Talmud suppressed. These were the last decrees from the pontiffs that were openly hostile towards the Jews.
Pope Clement VI (1342-1352) Worked to protect the Jews from slander.
Pope Boniface IX (1389-1404) granted full citizenship to the Jews.
Pope Martin V (1417-1431) rejected the Blood Libel and approved full rights for the Jews.
From 1097 to 1400 the Jews of Europe were accused of the following:
Desecration of the bread used for hosts
Killing Christian boys in order to mix their blood with Matzoh
Being allies of Satan
Causing the black plague
Bearing responsibility for the failure of the Crusades plus
Jews were falsely accused during the Inquisition
As a result Jews were randomly murdered, rampaging mobs would torch Jewish villages, Jews were called Christ killers during Easter passion plays and many Jews were the victims of atrocities and butchered. During the Inquisition Jews were tortured disemboweled, put on the rack, burned and skinned alive.
Pope Sixtus IV (1471-1484) also rejected the blood Libel.
Pope Leo X (1513-1521) ordered Christians to print the Talmud.
Pope Clement VII (1523-1534) ordered Christians to work with the Jews to translate the Tenakh.
Pope Paul III (1534-1549) forcefully rejected the blood libel.
Reformation: Martin Luther condemned the Jews in the later part of his life for Jewish resistance to faith in Yeshua.
Pope Innocent X (1644-1655) worked to end Jewish persecution in Poland. The Cossack rebellion butchered hundreds of thousands of Jews.
Pope Pius IX (1846-1878) in one instance ordered that a Jewish boy who had been baptized be returned to his Jewish family.
Pope Leo XIII (1873-1903) spoke out against the injustice levied against French Jew Alfred Dreyfus.
Pope Pius X (1903-1914) condemned the anti-Semitism that he heard and read in the Italian press.
19th Century Russian Orthodox Pogroms killed hundreds of thousands of Jews.
Pope Benedict XV (1914-1922) was an open advocate against antisemitism.
Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) condemned German antisemitism. Hitler’s Germany murdered 6 million Jews.
Pope Pius XII (1939-1958) stated that antisemitism. was inadmissible.
Pope John XXIII (1958-1963) protected Jews during WWII before he became Pope.
Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) rejected the idea that Jews were responsible for the death of Jesus.
Pope John Paul II (1978-2005) saved Jews during WWII, condemned antisemitism. and visited Israel to apologize for what some professing Christians did to Jews in the past.
Pope Benedict XVI (2005-Present) Called Jews Brothers and sisters and visited a Synagogue in the United States and Rome.
The events of the Holocaust helped cause a major shift for those Christians who became sickened by what occurred in Europe. The Event of 1948 proved that Yahveh had not forgotten his people. The recapturing of Jerusalem helped bring Christians back to the Bible as never before. The Prophet Ezekiel predicted the restoration of Israel and Yeshua predicted that the Jews would once again reclaim Jerusalem as stated in the 21st Chapter of Luke’s Gospel. Only a patient love and faithful presentation of the Messianic Prophesy’s as found in the Tenakh can help remove these ancient scales. The Spirit of Yahveh will do the rest. Shalom Joe