Connecting the dots between the Tenakh and New Covenant is most rewarding for it removes the believer from the realm of blind faith to the realm of knowing just like the Prophets and the Apostles. Our story begins in Exodus.
“Your lamb shall be without blemish…and you shall keep it up until the 14th day of the same month and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. They shall take of the blood and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper doorposts of the houses. They shall eat the flesh that night…and unleavened bread…It is the Lord’s Passover.” (Exodus 12: 5-7, 11)
So on the 14th day of the first month of the Jewish calendar the lamb is kept alive until evening. As the evening approaches the lamb is slain. Then in the evening, after sundown, which is now the next Jewish day, the Passover occurs. For those who believe in the Messiah, He had to die towards evening on the 14th day. He was buried at the onset of the 15th day Passover. So he was slain when the lamb without blemish was slain. The two side posts that were struck signified the patibulum where both of his wrists were nailed. The upper doorpost signified the stipes where His bloody head, back and nail spiked feet were fastened.
“In the third month when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day they came into the wilderness of Sinai…and there Israel camped before the mountain.” (Exodus 19:1-2)
Jewish months being lunar last 28 or 29 days. On the 15th day of the first month Nissan the Passover occurs in the evening and the Israelites depart in the morning still the 15th day. At the end of the second month we have now accounted for 44 days. As we enter the third month we start with the 45th day. In Exodus 19:3 Moses ascends Sinai. This is the 46th day. In verses 7-8,14 he descends. This is the 47th day. The Lord then promises to come to the Israelites and appears after three days. (Exodus 19:11, 16) This is the 50th day called Shavout the day of oaths when the Ten Commandments were given to Israel. We also know this from the Book of Leviticus:
“From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks [shavuot]. Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath and then present an offering of new grain to the Lord.” (Leviticus 23:15-16)
Passover is a Sabbath High Day. So 50 days after the Passover Shavout occurs when God revealed the Law. This is always to be recognized by the people of Israel. The reason is found in the Book of Joshua:
“Keep this book of the Torah [instruction, law] always on your lips; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. Then you will be prosperous and successful.” (Joshua 1:8)
Joshua has the same name as the Messiah Yeshua and described the intent of the Law. Of course we know that Israel broke this Covenant, but God has already anticipated this.
“‘This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel after that time,’ declares the Lord. ‘I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.’”(Jeremiah 31:33)
“I will give them singleness of heart and action, so that they will always fear me for their own good and the good of their children after them.” (Jeremiah 32:39)
So the Lord God promised another covenant with his covenant people. It is intended for His people. Unfortunately the Jewish leadership of Yeshua’s day which was approved by Rome rejected Yeshua and His proclaiming of the New Covenant that was sealed in His blood. Regardless, a remnant of Israel did accept Yeshua and His message. To them Yeshua gave the following instruction:
“Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about….But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” (Acts 1:4, 8)
“When the day of Pentecost [Shavuot] came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.…All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.” (Acts 2:1 – 4)
So 50 days after the Passover God came to those who believed. In Moses day God appeared to Israel so that they would believe. The Torah was given so that the Israelites would know what constituted sin. The Ru’akh ha Kodesh only comes to those who invite the Messiah into their lives and who truly live for Him and the glory of God.
“All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had.” (Acts 4:32)
Then with a New Covenant established can one be righteous only though Torah observance? This issue is addressed by one who was schooled as a first century Pharisee. Rav Shaul (the Apostle Paul), who was “a Hebrew of Hebrews” and blameless when it came to Torah (Philippians 3: 4–6), said that if we could be made righteous by the Torah, then Yeshua (Jesus) died in vain.
“I do not treat the grace of God as meaningless. For if keeping the Torah could make us right with God, then there was no need for Messiah to die.” (Galatians 2:21)
Therefore if we believe that the Messiah of Israel came in the name of the Father, suffered and died for our sins we are saved. Abraham was considered righteous because he believed. Abraham did not have the Torah. Then what value is the Torah? Obeying the Torah is proof of our conviction in Messiah. Not all 613 laws for only messiah obeyed them perfectly, but those laws that Messiah said we must obey in the New Covenant. When we sin we are convicted for the scripture says:
God’s Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) empowers us to truly love, stand in one spirit, and contend “as one new man for the faith of the Gospel” (Philippians 1:27).
Messiah Yeshua wants His people the Jews and the Gentiles to accept Him in order to receive the Ru’akh ha Kodesh. For once a person makes this commitment then we can accept our commission:
Yeshua told His disciples, “The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Ask the Lord of the harvest, therefore, to send out workers into His harvest field.” (Luke 10: 2)
Yeshua’s final words to us were: “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations.” (Matthew 28:19)
Godlessness, secular indifference, technological reliance or religious extremism cannot heal or solve the pressing needs of this suffering world. Only the Messiah who is accepted into our hearts can get to the root cause of human discord/illness and replace it with His selfless, Godly nature.