Abel was the righteous son of Adam, his father. He was murdered by his envious and jealous brother Cain who did not please God with his offerings. This was the first indication that God was not impressed by outward expressions of religious observance as much as the inward motivations of the heart. Abel tended to sheep. The sacrifice of the best of his flock was acceptable to God. Thousands of years later we see the Israelites commanded to sacrifice lambs without blemish. It was the shed blood from these spotless lambs that saved the Israelite firstborn from the avenging angel. As for Abel, God said that his “righteous” blood cried from the ground. This meant that Abel was not deserving of death. Therefore, God questioned his brother Cain. Cain lied and had no regard for the brother he murdered. Cain was cursed, the ground was cursed, and Cain was cast out from his land. God was punishing Cain, not with execution, but with expulsion. These things were all recorded by Moses to tell the Israelites about their Messiah.
The Messiah who was righteous would be murdered/executed. Those who thought they were pleasing God would be involved with his death. Since the best lamb was an acceptable sacrifice to God, the Messiah would be known as the Lamb of God and be an acceptable sacrifice. The blood of the messiah would save all those who accepted it. As for those who practiced the unacceptable sacrifice, they would deny the righteousness of the slain Messiah. Because they should have known better (Caiaphas, the High Priest, and the Sanhedrin and all those who possessed the land) their followers would eventually suffer expulsion from the land. They were not to be destroyed as a people but would be punished by God. Any people who tried to bring about their extinction would be punished seven fold.
Since Abel was not the Messiah, his blood needed to be avenged. The blood of the Messiah brought about mercy and forgiveness. The slain one would be our advocate to the Father. The blood of Abel brought God’s wrath. The blood of the Messiah brought atonement from sin. Abel sacrificed a perfect lamb and so the slain Lamb of God provided atonement for the guilty. The intent of Abel’s heart was pleasing to God and so would the Messiah be pleasing to God. The Messiah witnessed to the righteousness of Abel (Matt. 23:35). Because Abel was righteous his blood cried out to God after he was dead. After the Messiah was killed his blood cleansed sin, but because he was the Messiah of God, death could not hold him. After his death, he would speak to those who believed in him in person for 40 days. Those who rejected him were given 40 years (30 AD – 70 AD) until their expulsion. God promised to bring vengeance on those who seek the demise of his people. This meant that God always intended to bring them back to their land.
He brought them back to their land where they once again became a nation 1878 years after that expulsion. Now that God has reconciled his people to their land, his intent is to reconcile them to the one they have rejected, Yeshua. Isaiah 53:3 states, “He was despised and we esteemed him not.” This identified the Jewish people. What God wants his people to understand is Isaiah 53:12, “He has laid open his soul to death (He was willing to die and laid down his life) and was numbered with the transgressors (He was executed with criminals as a criminal and is regarded as a transgressor by his people); and he took off the sin of many (Those who are willing to accept his atoning sacrifice both Jew and Gentile) and made intercession for the transgressors (through his sacrifice and not by anything we have done we have access to the Holy of Holies [i.e., God the Father].”