Genesis 14:18-20: “And Melchizedek King of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the Most High God. And he blessed him, and said, ‘Blessed be Abram of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the Most High God, which has delivered your enemies into your hand. And he gave him tithes of all.’”
Melchizedek was the King of Salem. Melchizedek meaning “King of Righteousness” was the Ruler of Salem meaning “complete, perfect, whole, peace.” Salem, a place of perfect peace under Melchizedek, would become the city of Jerusalem under Davidic rule. This King was known by the bringing forth of bread and wine. The bread and wine was brought to Abram by the King of Righteousness. Bread and wine are also part of the Passover Seder. The Wine is a symbol of the blood of a perfect lamb. This blood was placed on the door post and lintel the home of every Hebrew in Egypt. Those who accepted this blood were brought forth from Egypt, delivered from death, redeemed by Yahveh, and protected.
Melchizedek was also the priest of the Most High God. He was not a priest but the priest of Yahveh, the God above all gods. So the King of Righteousness is also the priest of Yahveh. Since this priest pre-dates Moses and his brother Aaron by 700-800 years, the priest of the Most High God is not a Levite. The King of Righteousness and the priest of God blessed Abram. Abram who is Abraham, father of Isaac, father of Jacob (Israel), father of the tribes of Israel, receives the blessing of the king who is also a priest. Abram of the most high is he who has entered into a covenant with God who is creator of all that is above and below. This God delivers the enemies of Abram and his offspring of the covenant into the hands of the one who pays homage to the King of Salem and the priest of God. Abram paid a tithe (tenth) of all that he accumulated after the defeat of his enemy. Why would Abram pay a tithe to a man? He wouldn’t pay a tithe to a mere man but he did pay the King of Righteousness who is also the priest of the Most High God.Who is the King of Righteousness and priest of the Most High God?
Psalm 110: 1-2, 4: “The Lord said to my Lord, sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of his strength out of Zion: rule you in the midst of your enemies…The Lord has sworn, and will not recant, you are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.”
Zechariah 6:12-13: “…Behold the man whose name is the branch; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the Lord: Even he shall build the temple of the Lord; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.”
Isaiah 11: 1-2, 4-5: “And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots: And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord…But with righteousness shall he judge the poor and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.”
Isaiah 32:1 “Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment.”
The King of Righteousness sits at the right hand of Yahveh. He will rule Zion and be a priest after the order of Melchizedek. He will build the Lord’s Temple and will rule as King and priest. This King of Righteousness who is the Rod of Yahveh’s strength is also the Rod out of Jesse (Father of King David). This King of Righteousness will use his rod (word of God) to smite the earth and slay the wicked. The King of Righteousness branch will grow up away from Salem, i.e., Jerusalem. This branch will be a descendant of Judah because Jesse was a descendant of Judah living in Bethlehem. This branch is the King of Righteousness.
Who then is the King of Righteousness and priest of God after the order of Melchizedek? He who is begotten of God is King and Priest. Psalm 2:7 “You are my Son, today I have begotten you.” The Levitical priesthood was established when the Torah was given the people. However, the priesthood under Aaron did not result in a righteous nation. Therefore, another priesthood under the order of Melchizedek was necessary to bring a cleansing of sin from among the people. Just as Abraham and all of his descendants within him gave homage to Melchizedek, so these same descendants will defer to a King Priest from the Lord and Judah. Melchizedek comes from unknown origins and departs from the pages of scripture quickly after Heb 5, 7. The Messiah comes from God and has an origin that preceded his birth Micah 5:1-2. He is holy and separated from sinners because, unlike the Aaronic priesthood, he does not sin. His sacrifice occurred once for the sins of those who believe in his intercession as described in Isaiah 53.