Joe Butta and Steven Daskal
Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics
For the past 2000 years Rabbinic Jews and the followers of Jesus of Nazareth have failed to come to a common understanding concerning how to interpret the Tanakh or Jewish Bible. Rabbinic understanding is grounded in the following verse found in the Book of Deuteronomy:
6:4 “ Shema Yisrael, Adonai Elohaynu Adonai Echud” This can be translated as ‘Hear O Israel the Lord our God The Lord alone or The Lord our God is one Lord or Listen Israel YHVH is our God, YHVH is One’. It is understood that YHVH is God. Echud can be understood in the sense that Only YHVH is God. No other god is God. Also there is one God and it is YHVH Alone.
Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics
Who are the Black Hebrew Israelites? Within the past year I have had encounters with two adherents to this faith. Both boldly proclaim they have the truth and that Christianity as understood by most is a satanic deception. For informational purposes I’d like to shed some light on this subject to disclose the group’s origins and beliefs.
Church of the Living God, the Pillar Ground of Truth for All Nations founded by F. S. Cherry in 1886 in Tennessee. Cherry’s flock incorporated many Jewish practices and prohibitions along with some Christian traditions.
Church of God and Saints of Christ founded in Kansas by William Crowdy in 1896. Both claimed that they had revelations in which they believed that God told them that African Americans are descendants of the ancient Hebrews. During the ensuing decades, many more Black Hebrew congregations were established, and some of them had no connection to the Christian Church. In Harlem alone, at least eight such groups were founded from 1919 to 1931.
Commandment Keepers were founded in New York by Wentworth Arthur Matthew in 1919 who was influenced by Marcus Garvey who used Biblical Jews in exile as a metaphor for Black Folks in North America. They are noted for their adherence to traditional Judaism. Mr. Matthew taught that all genuine Jews are Black. Other groups include The Law Keepers, House of Judah, and the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem.
African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem were established in 1966 in Chicago by Ben-Ammi Ben-Israel. These Black Hebrews believe the descendants of American slaves and the indigenous peoples of the Americas make up the 12 tribes of Israel. That belief sprang from a vision that Ben Ammi says he had in 1966 when he was a Chicago foundry worker named Ben Carter. In a dream the Archangel Gabriel told him that many African Americans were descendants of the tribe of Judah. Adherents reject black Africans, who are usually seen as “traitors” who sold their black brethren into slavery. In 1986, Ben Israel and his aide, Prince Asiel Ben Israel were convicted of trafficking stolen passports and securities and forging checks and saving bonds.
Nation of Yahweh established in the 1980’s by Yahweh Ben Yahweh aka Hulon Mitchell, Jr. (1935-2007). This sect is an offshoot of African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem. Some of its members were accused of conspiring to commit RICO (Racketeering Influenced Corrupt Organization) violations. Yahweh was sentenced to serving an eighteen-year sentence for another crime.
RESPONSE: Similar to the beginnings of Islam and Mormonism there were angelic visitations with the founders of the BHI’s claiming that the original Israelites were black and the current Jews are usurpers. This necessitated them to ignore the suffering of the descendents of modern day Israel and those that escaped Europe and the Islamic world and focus on themselves as the truly chosen and favored among all people.
It’s July 2014 and we find the Islamic world at war. Muslim is against Muslim… at least that is how it appears from a western perspective. What follows is a recap of conflicts in the Islamic world. First let’s take… Continue reading
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Abel was the righteous son of Adam, his father. He was murdered by his envious and jealous brother Cain who did not please God with his offerings. This was the first indication that God was not impressed by outward expressions of religious observance as much as the inward motivations of the heart. Abel tended to sheep. The sacrifice of the best of his flock was acceptable to God. Thousands of years later we see the Israelites commanded to sacrifice lambs without blemish. It was the shed blood from these spotless lambs that saved the Israelite firstborn from the avenging angel. As for Abel, God said that his “righteous” blood cried from the ground. This meant that Abel was not deserving of death. Therefore, God questioned his brother Cain. Cain lied and had no regard for the brother he murdered. Cain was cursed, the ground was cursed, and Cain was cast out from his land. God was punishing Cain, not with execution, but with expulsion. These things were all recorded by Moses to tell the Israelites about their Messiah. Continue reading