Tag Archives: Tenakh

ROME AND THE JEWISH RELIGIOUS LEADERSHIP…SIN IS THE PROBLEM

By:

Joe Butta and Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

Even after the unexpected conquest by the Romans and their establishment of the brutal Herodian monarchy, arguably the greatest distress was yet to come.  In the PAST, God warned His people through a prophet or sent a great judge or king to lead them out of the danger.  We do not have a direct Biblical account of the early years of the Roman occupation. What we know about that difficult period is based upon secular histories, archaeological evidence, and parenthetical comments in the Brit Hadashah [New Testament].  However, we still need to ask if God sent a prophet, judge, or leader to the Jews to lead them out of this dangerous time between 37 B.C. [when Herod was established as a tributary king under Rome] and the destruction of the second Jewish Temple and the city of Jerusalem in 70 A.D.

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Filed under Faith, History, Judeo-Christianity, Messiah, Salvation, Steven E. Daskal, Tanakh

THE EXILES AND PROMISE OF PROPHETS…SIN IS THE PROBLEM

By:

Joe Butta & Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

The Prophets Daniel, Ezekiel and Obadiah were all sent to the exiles in Babylon but a Persian King Cyrus was sent to defeat the Babylonians and permit the Jewish exiles to return to the Promised Land. During these years the Jewish exiles did learn from the past.  They stopped worshiping foreign gods.  God used several of the Persian Shah-en-Shah’s [King of kings], starting with Cyrus, paused under Xerxes I [Ahasuerus], renewed under Darius and Artaxerxes I, to provide protection to the Jewish people and encouragement for them to return to the Promised Land, rebuild Jerusalem, and re-build and restore worship to God Almighty in His Temple.  This was a fulfillment of God’s promises through the prophets that the exile would extend roughly seventy years, and that during that time, the Jewish people were to submit to their new rulers [first the oppressive Babylonians, and then the more tolerant Persians and Medes], serving them loyally, sowing crops and building homes.  During that time they would learn to set aside their idolatries and recommit themselves to the LORD Almighty, the God of the Patriarchs, the God who spoke to them through the smoking cloud over Sinai.

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The Kings of Israel and Judah…Sin is the Problem

By

Joe Butta

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

The Israelites then demanded their own human king [NOT the LORD] to be “like the nations around us.” God through the prophet Samuel anointed Saul from the tribe of Benjamin.  Saul got off to a good start, but as he aged, His sinful pride and disobedience led to his losing his anointing, the defeat of Israel, the loss of the Ark of the Covenant, and the demise of his family. God through Samuel anointed David long before the final destruction of the House of Saul.  God pushed young David through a series of trials and tests to prepare him to be the next king.  He, too, began well, but in the later years of his reign he sinned greatly. The prophet Nathan was sent to confront David, and David repented, though he and his family paid a heavy price for his sins for the rest of his reign and into Solomon’s.   The LORD appeared twice to Solomon, who like his two predecessors began well but became prideful and wayward later in his reign.  Solomon chose to take many wives and concubines, allowing them to bring their pagan idols into the royal estates, and condoning their worship, leading to growing corruption throughout the kingdom.  This angered God who punished Solomon by telling him that the kingdom would be divided and most of it taken away from his heirs, but that he would retain Judah and Jerusalem for his father David’s sake.  This came to pass when Solomon’s son Rehoboam became king and chose to ignore his father’s advisors’ sound advice, alienating the northern tribes who revolted under Jeroboam.

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Has Anyone Seen the Face of God?

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

By: Steve Daskal and Joe Butta

No mortal human being has ever seen the Face of God — that is, God the Father.  Moses never saw God’s actual “face” — no man has except the God-Man, Yeshua/Jesus.

The emphasis in Exodus 33:11 is not on the “face-to-face” aspect, but on the last phrase, “as a man speaks to a friend,” [as translated in the NKJV, NIV84, & NASB].  One can speak to a friend “face-to-face” in the sense of speaking to them in person, relationally, but not look each other in the face [think of two people working on a project side-by-side, which in a sense is what God was doing by including Moses in His redemptive work and in creating the foundation for the nation of Israel].  This is what the QUEST Study Bible notes say — verse 11 is emphasizing that Moses, like Abraham before him and David who came after him, had a personal relationship with God.  Charles Ryrie and John MacArthur note that Moses never saw God’s actual “face” — no man has except the God-Man, Yeshua/Jesus.

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How Many Times Did Moses Climb Mt Sinai?

By:  Steve Daskal,

CHRISTIAN MESSIANIC ANALYSIS AND APOLOGETICS

 

** A brother in Christ recently asked me about a seeming inconsistency in the Exodus account of Moses’ interactions with God and the Israelites at Mt. Sinai.  He thought it appeared as if the number of trips up and trips down didn’t match.  I had never actually sat down to work this out, though I’ve been hearing and reading this story repeatedly since I was in grade school.  This is what I found:

Ex 19 — The Israelites are three months after leaving Egypt via Rephidim [located in the Sinai desert].  They’ve reached Sinai, and set up camp in front of the mountain.  Moses goes up the mountain the first time [v3], he returns to the people [v7] and warns them that they are going to get the terms of the Covenant, and they agree to them — without having heard them — based upon God’s taking them out of Egypt and providing for this huge mass of people in the desert for 3 months.

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Habakkuk—Pivotal Prophet of Judah

FROM: Steve Daskal

CHRISTIAN MESSIANIC ANALYSIS & APOLOGETICS

 

What Was Happening?  Judah is on the Brink of Disaster

— Judah’s new king at this time, Jehoiakim, aka Eliakim, is a relatively young man.  But he is characterized in 2 Chronicles 36:1-8 and 2 Kings 23:34-24:6 as being an evil king, who did not follow the pattern of godliness of his father Josiah.  Josiah had been an ally of Assyria against Egypt who died in battle when the Egyptians had defeated the last remnant of Assyrian power at Megiddo [in the lands of the former northern Israelite kingdom of Israel].

— Jeremiah refers to him this way:  “your eyes and your heart are intent only upon your own dishonest gain, and on shedding innocent blood and on practicing oppression and extortion.”  [Jer. 22:17]  While it may have required heavy taxes and harsh action to pay the required tributes to great powers and keep his throne in the face of widespread violence and disorder, the tone of Jeremiah’s condemnation [and those in 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles] indicates that not only was Jehoiakim tough and demanding, he was also brutal and corrupt.   Jehoiakim apparently reverted to the idolatry and unjust rule of his grandfather Amon and great-grandfather Manasseh [ref 2Ki21].  Jehoiakim also openly rejected and mocked prophetic warnings from Jeremiah [36:23-27] and had them destroyed.

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Jewish Views on Messiah circa 30 A.D.

FROM: CHRISTIAN MESSIANIC ANALYSIS AND APOLOGETICS

BY: Steve Daskal

The Jewish faith, as was being taught & practiced in Jesus’ day, was no longer a single unified faith focused on “the Law and the Prophets,” but was made up of several sects that at best disdained or ignored each other, each following its own particular interpretations that suited them.

The Sadducees denied that anything beyond Torah [The Law, Pentateuch, Five Bks of Moses] was inspired of or delivered from God.  So, they didn’t accept that there would be a Messiah at all.  The Torah references frequently cited, such as Gen 3:15 and in Deuteronomy when Moses tells them that a Prophet like himself will come to lead Israel back to God after they have “fallen away,” point to from the perspectives of Christians, and of Pharisees, but they aren’t unambiguous/direct statements.  The Psalms & the Prophets were considered by the Sadducees the way we’d consider books by C.S. Lewis or G.K. Chesterton — good reading, edifying, but neither inspired nor authoritative for doctrine.  The Kohanim [the priesthood-by-descent] and many of the other Levites were Sadducees.  They controlled the Temple in Jesus’ day and had a sizeable presence on the Sanhedrin which was the religious court that had been granted ultimate socio-religious authority for the Jews of Judea under Roman rule.

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