Rosh Hashanah: Jewish new year ushers in ten days of Penitence. It is announced with the blowing of the shofar. It urges God’s people to get right with him. How is this done? Through the shedding of blood, according to his specifications that becomes pleasing to the Lord. This feast displays the hope that the Lord has that his people will commit themselves to living for the Lord. This also points to the time of the end when people will no longer regard the intent to please God. At this point when the thoughts of men are continually on evil the trumpet judgments of Revelation will occur. There will be 7 trumpets that will announce judgments on a humanity that will not repent. These events will crescendo until the Messiah comes to fulfill the meaning of His Feasts.
Yom Kippur: During the time of the Temple the High Priest (Kohen) would sacrifice a bullock to atone for his sins before he could act on behalf of the people of Israel. He would sprinkle this blood on the lid of the Ark of the Covenant known as the Mercy Seat and seven times on the ground in front of the Ark. Then he would sacrifice a goat for the sins of the People and sprinkle the blood as before for the Holy of Holies. He then provided atonement for the tabernacle by sprinkling the blood of both animals on the horns of the alter and seven times on the ground around it. The High Priest would then lay his hands on a scapegoat in the Temple court. The goat was then led outside of the city where it was released. According to the Babylonian Talmud, a scarlet cord was tied around the neck of the goat. If the cord turned white while the scapegoat was led away from the city the sins of the people were forgiven. This occured until the the year 30 A.D. The Talmud records that the cord failed to turn white for 40 years prior to the year when the Temple was destroyed in the year 70 A.D. This means from the year that Yeshua was crucified until the the Temple was destroyed the cord failed to turn white. This signified that the New Covenant had been enacted as foretold by the Prophet Jeremiah in Chapter 31. The old formula was no longer required for the remission of sin since the Messiah, Son of God, sacrificed himself not as a covering but a cleansing for sin.