Monthly Archives: April 2018

ROME AND THE JEWISH RELIGIOUS LEADERSHIP…SIN IS THE PROBLEM

By:

Joe Butta and Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

Even after the unexpected conquest by the Romans and their establishment of the brutal Herodian monarchy, arguably the greatest distress was yet to come.  In the PAST, God warned His people through a prophet or sent a great judge or king to lead them out of the danger.  We do not have a direct Biblical account of the early years of the Roman occupation. What we know about that difficult period is based upon secular histories, archaeological evidence, and parenthetical comments in the Brit Hadashah [New Testament].  However, we still need to ask if God sent a prophet, judge, or leader to the Jews to lead them out of this dangerous time between 37 B.C. [when Herod was established as a tributary king under Rome] and the destruction of the second Jewish Temple and the city of Jerusalem in 70 A.D.

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Filed under Faith, History, Judeo-Christianity, Messiah, Salvation, Steven E. Daskal, Tanakh

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HASMONEAN DYNASTY…SIN IS THE PROBLEM

By:

Joe Butta &  Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

From 333-323 B.C. Alexander’s Hellenistic [Greco-Macedonian] empire rose to defeat Persia [Daniel 8:1]. Alexander died young and four of his generals assumed leadership and divided his empire.  One of these founded what became known as the Seleucid dynasty. In 170 B.C. one of Seleucids, Antiochus Epiphanes IV, conquered Jerusalem and desecrated the Temple [Dan 8:11]. He wanted to impose Hellenistic paganism [including worship of himself] and eradicate Judaism as a challenge to his absolute authority. Antiochus gained support from many Jews, especially in the lowlands, but resistance gradually grew, especially in the more remote villages in the Judean hills.  From 166-160 B.C. a Levitical priest named Matathias and his son, Judah, known as Makkabee [Hammer] rose up to defeat Antiochus and save Judaism.  In doing so, Judah Makkabee established the Hasmonean dynasty.

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THE EXILES AND PROMISE OF PROPHETS…SIN IS THE PROBLEM

By:

Joe Butta & Steve Daskal

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

The Prophets Daniel, Ezekiel and Obadiah were all sent to the exiles in Babylon but a Persian King Cyrus was sent to defeat the Babylonians and permit the Jewish exiles to return to the Promised Land. During these years the Jewish exiles did learn from the past.  They stopped worshiping foreign gods.  God used several of the Persian Shah-en-Shah’s [King of kings], starting with Cyrus, paused under Xerxes I [Ahasuerus], renewed under Darius and Artaxerxes I, to provide protection to the Jewish people and encouragement for them to return to the Promised Land, rebuild Jerusalem, and re-build and restore worship to God Almighty in His Temple.  This was a fulfillment of God’s promises through the prophets that the exile would extend roughly seventy years, and that during that time, the Jewish people were to submit to their new rulers [first the oppressive Babylonians, and then the more tolerant Persians and Medes], serving them loyally, sowing crops and building homes.  During that time they would learn to set aside their idolatries and recommit themselves to the LORD Almighty, the God of the Patriarchs, the God who spoke to them through the smoking cloud over Sinai.

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Filed under History, Judeo-Christianity, Messiah, Salvation, Steven E. Daskal, Tanakh

The Kings of Israel and Judah…Sin is the Problem

By

Joe Butta

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

The Israelites then demanded their own human king [NOT the LORD] to be “like the nations around us.” God through the prophet Samuel anointed Saul from the tribe of Benjamin.  Saul got off to a good start, but as he aged, His sinful pride and disobedience led to his losing his anointing, the defeat of Israel, the loss of the Ark of the Covenant, and the demise of his family. God through Samuel anointed David long before the final destruction of the House of Saul.  God pushed young David through a series of trials and tests to prepare him to be the next king.  He, too, began well, but in the later years of his reign he sinned greatly. The prophet Nathan was sent to confront David, and David repented, though he and his family paid a heavy price for his sins for the rest of his reign and into Solomon’s.   The LORD appeared twice to Solomon, who like his two predecessors began well but became prideful and wayward later in his reign.  Solomon chose to take many wives and concubines, allowing them to bring their pagan idols into the royal estates, and condoning their worship, leading to growing corruption throughout the kingdom.  This angered God who punished Solomon by telling him that the kingdom would be divided and most of it taken away from his heirs, but that he would retain Judah and Jerusalem for his father David’s sake.  This came to pass when Solomon’s son Rehoboam became king and chose to ignore his father’s advisors’ sound advice, alienating the northern tribes who revolted under Jeroboam.

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Genesis – Judges… Sin is the Problem

By

Joe Butta

Christian Messianic Analysis and Apologetics

In the Jewish scriptures known as Tenakh or Old Covenant one theme is constant throughout.  There will be problems brought about by the consequences of sin.  Knowing that sinful man could not remedy the situation the LORD God often sent someone to warn, admonish or save the people. After 1000 years of Biblical history people were so evil the Lord sent Noah to save what he could of humankind. Eight were saved. After another 1000 years the Lord sent Abraham to begin fulfilling his design for our salvation. During this time the Lord sent Melchizedek to remind Abraham that there was One who was greater.

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